Suleiman Jammous on the situation in Sudan
»War between USA and China will break out in South Sudan«
Written by Boštjan Videmšek
Suleiman Jammous, the humanitarian coordinator within the JEM resistance group
(Justice and Equality Movement), has revisited Slovenia after one year.
While staying with his good friend and soul mate Tomo Križnar, he will
be received by the Foreign Minister Samuel Žbogar, Minister of Culture
Majda Širca and member of the European Parliament Ivo Vajgl. Jammous's
visit is an opportunity for the Slovenian Foreign Politics (among
others) to make amends in its ethical dossier after opportunistically
ignoring the Tibetan leader Dalai Lama.
is essential in the times when the West is quickly acknowledging the
final results of the Sudanese presidential election, won by the
“eternal” oligarch Omar al Bashir - by committing vote fraud and
generally disabling his political adversaries. Jammous says that by
acknowledgement of Sudanese poll results, the International Community
legitimizes genocide in Darfur. The heaviest price of such politics
will again be paid by the people of Darfur. “The West decided to act
more delicately in terms of Darfur. The Americans and the British feel
this may be the only chance for Bashir to acknowledge the final results
of the referendum to establish an independent country of North Sudan,
which will take place on January 11th next year. The West
wishes that South Sudan become an independent country in order to
control their rich oil reserves and, at the same time, to resist the
dominant Chinese influence in the region. In the near future, a war
between the United States and China will break out in South Sudan.
However, the heaviest casualties of this global strategic battle would
be us, the people of Darfur,
since our tragic story was swept under the rug during the last year.
This was done by the administration of the US president Barack Obama,
from whom Darfur expected a great deal,” Suleiman Jammous says.
eyes of this wise man, the Nelson Mandela of Sudan, were even sadder
than at our last encounter. Then, the slender and lucid man was full of
hope that the dispersed resistance groups of Darfur will succeed in
creating one union under one 'banner' - the banner of the fight
against the military dictatorship of the war criminal Omar al Bashir.
“I do not have much hope left. The people of Darfur have suffered a
great deal while waiting for the International Community to take
action. After long years of suffering the quiet genocide, 60 percent of
the people of Darfur ended up in refugee camps in Sudan and Chad. The
government forces have killed more than 400,000 people. Just a few
hours ago, I have received a call that at night the government
airplanes have bombed a well in the village Gidji Gidji and killed
eight people. This is the new tactics - bombing water resources.”
As Križnar put it: Darfur is war for water. And the first genocide of
the 21st century.
is becoming scarce. The wells are drying out. And so are the river
sources. It is getting worse. This is also due to weather changes, the
consequence of global warming, which has greatly influenced the current
political situation and state of security in Darfur. And it will only
get worse,” says the free-spirited intellectual of Darfur who spent
many years in prison as an adversary of a totalitarian regime.
Jammous was born in North Darfur. He finished his studies at the
Khartoum Polytechnic University, Paper Technology. He has been
politically active since his college years. He was a businessman for
some time; he worked and lived in Egypt and Saudi Arabia. After
returning to Sudan, he and his adherents issued the Black Book in 2000.
This is an accurate description of the Arabization of Sudan and
marginalization of indigenous African tribes all over the country.
Bashir's regime, that
has been watching Jammous before, arrested him four times during the
time period 2000 - 2003. When released from prison, Jammous joined
the newly established SLA (Sudan Liberation Army). This organization
together with some other resistance groups of Darfur began the first
well-organized resistance against the Khartoum's politics of genocide.
never fought with arms nor did he wear a military uniform. His fight is
the concern for hundred thousands of persecuted, raped, injured and
offended people of Darfur who are casualties of genocide, climate
changes and impotence of the International Community. The sophisticated
man also helped the international humanitarian organizations and
several journalists who were being banned access to the bleeding Darfur
by the Sudanese government.
and his men always did everything in their power to help the
humanitarian workers and journalist travel safely through parts of
all know that the Sudanese presidential election was a farce led by
dictator Omar al Bashir. However, the International Community seems to
be all too eager to acknowledge the final results ...
The world should be aware of one thing: the poll boxes,
into which the Sudanese voters put their ballots, were not the same
boxes as those from which the ballots were taken in order to be
counted. The election was rigged - the regime printed many
ballots, filled them out, put them in other boxes and counted them.
This did not happen everywhere but it was certainly common practice.
There is not much more to say about this “election” - it was a
conspiracy. A fraud.
This was expected but the West was happy to spread Bashir's story of the 'fair and free election', this methodology of rape of traditional social and political systems which have a boomerang effect.
is true. The West acknowledged the final results of the election and
president Bashir - and this legitimizes genocide and war crimes in
Darfur. Why? Because it was necessary to legitimize this election from
the outside in order to conduct the referendum to determine the status
of South Sudan on January 11th next year. The West wants the
referendum to be a success and South Sudan to become an independent
country. This wish is especially strong in the United States that wants
to divide the country. Currently their goal is to 'quiet down' the
conflict in Darfur since in their opinion the attention needs to be
focused on South Sudan. At least until the referendum - only then
they may start thinking about solving our problem ... Meanwhile Sudan
may be divided in four weak countries and may not exist as a country
anymore; anything is possible. The former US president Jimmy Carter
said before the election that it may not be carried out 'according to
standard', but the International Community would have to acknowledge
the outcome nevertheless. This says it all. The Americans are satisfied
to call it - election. To them only the expression counts, not the
What mood were the people in during the election? What is the word on the street and among your co-workers?
I know and have contact with is talking about a fraud. They knew in
advance what would happen to their ballots but they cast their votes
nevertheless, if only possible. But their votes were stolen by the
regime. An acquaintance of mine and his five sons went to the polling
station. They cast their votes, however, during the count their five
ballots have been misplaced, and one of them was declared invalid.
This is the 'democracy' that the International Community acknowledges due to its interest.
is going to happen in the next months in terms of Khartoum - South
Sudan relation? How will president Bashir accept the will of the people
of South Sudan to live in an independent country?
Omar al Bashir wants is to stay in charge. This is his politics. I
think he may accept the eventual outcome - an independent country.
about the oil which is abundant in the south of the country? And the
influence of China that controls the majority of business in Sudan and
basically established 'a parallel country' and thus supports Bashir
- financially and with the power of veto over UN sanctions? What
will happen to state concessions?
Bashir will do everything in his power to maintain his and his clique's
top position. That is why he signed all the peace treaties and carried
out the election. He is aware of the fact that he will remain in charge
all the same - or because of that. The International Community
tolerated his decisions.
my opinion, the independence of South Sudan will cause war between the
United States and China. In the south, the Americans will not be able
to get rid of the 'China factor'. When the war breaks out, Bashir will
cooperate with both sides. As he has done until now. He will not care
who wins in this war. As long as he continues to rule.
You are determined that the independence of South Sudan is basically a cue for global war.
war has already begun, no doubt about that. It will not only take place
in South Sudan. This will be a separated American-Chinese war, taking
place at different fronts.
There is a similar situation in Afghanistan where the West defends against the East in panic fear and with no success.
This also goes for Iraq and Iran etc. Even for Yemen and Somalia.
of inhabitants of Darfur have paid a heavy price because of the
conflict in South Sudan where two million people have been killed. And
now, as the 'south war' enters the second round, the tragedy will
surely repeat itself. Why is it that Darfur is always the casualty of
the Khartoum - Juba relations?
The price that Darfur will pay due to the Khartoum - Juba relations will only get higher. Rapidly.
is one of the reasons that the majority of the people of Darfur,
including the intellectuals, are abandoning hope. Only a fistful is
still capable of giving an initiative. We are paralysed both mentally
and physically. The majority do not know how to react. They can trust
no one - neither Bashir nor the United States nor China. Not even
themselves. The resistance groups are dispersed. The fields are ruined,
livestock killed, wells ruined. There are many rapes. The government
powers' attacks never seize. Humanitarian assistance is on the decline,
however, the needs are on the increase. Many people do not have roofs
over their heads. It is going to get worse - gradually all the
people of Darfur will end up in refugee camps or dead. The governmental
plan will be brought to an end with success.
try to unite those who still have hope. We are in dire need of a common
political goal, a common agenda. Because of our future, our survival,
we have to express our 'viewpoint about Darfur' and be determined as
far as our demands are concerned. We must not fall under the foreign
influence - the foreigners are here only because of natural
resources. No one else should decide instead of us. However, for the
time being this is sadly an illusion.
Meanwhile the quiet genocide continues in Darfur. It is quiet because we hear very little about it.
history of internal contradictions in Darfur is as long-lasting as the
Darfur conflict itself. Why have the resistance groups not managed to
unite? Why have some resistance 'heroes' stepped over to the side of
the government so easily? Why is it that every common initiative fails?
You have a point but I still see light at the end of the tunnel ...
Absolutely - there is a train coming ahead
We need time, a lot of it. Our society is totally shattered. The same
goes for the traditional way of life, values and family relations.
No, I have not lost hope yet. But at the same time, I am definitely not optimistic.
were in Doha where the JEM (Justice and Equality movement), currently
the biggest resistance group lead by Ibrahim Halil, signed a peace
treaty with president Bashir a few weeks ago.
Nothing really happened in Doha. The most important role was again played by the Americans and their special envoy to Sudan,
major general Scott Gration. In order to appear more competent, he
brought along someone from the United Nations. As I have told you
before, the Americans want to sweep the Darfur problem under the rug.
Like dust. Because of their interest in the referendum, Darfur has to
vanish from the headlines. That is why the dispersion of the resistance
movement suits them. Because it makes us weak and because we cannot
seriously resist Khartoum.
Americans simply locked us in a freezer. Indefinitely. Because of the
election and referendum the peace process is also frozen.
I heard the news that the peace treaty has been signed I remembered the
failed - and forced - peace treaty from the Abuja in Nigeria
in 2006 that caused Darfur a lot of harm.
situation is more or less the same, however, instead of by Minni
Minnawi (former leader of one of the SLA fractions that signed an
agreement with the government in 2006, and Jammous's nephew) the JEM is
now led by Ibrahim Halil. Khartoum benefits from the conflicts among
the resistance groups because it wants war among the people of Darfur.
will not sign anything that will not benefit the inhabitants of Darfur,
and we will remain determined as far as our demands are concerned.
it not ironic that the former American president George W. Bush was
more 'active' in terms of Darfur than Barack Obama who often said that
the United States should take measures. The New York Times columnist
Nicholas D. Kristoff has accused Barack Obama between the lines of
dancing the waltz with Bashir.
had hoped to receive help from Obama. He had brought us hope. As a
senator he once said he did not believe in satan but he did believe in
evil - and evil rules in Darfur and therefore needs to be stopped.
he became president. Our morale jumped sky-high. We were sure he was a
man with a vision. We believed him, especially after paying a visit to
the refugees in Chad. Nowadays he does not speak of Darfur anymore. He
left everything to his special envoy who has a personal agenda. He
wants to promote himself with the referendum in the South. That is why
we lost hope that Obama would help. We are disappointed and angry. We
do not believe the Americans anymore - they have always let us
if a war breaks out again in the south? It seems things are not far
from a regional conflict. It is boiling in Kenya, the stability of
Uganda is a lie. Eritrea, Somalia etc.
is a possibility. A very likely one! The war would first quickly spread
over the whole Sudan. There would be a civil war in the south, later it
would spread to the outside. There are many different interests. Chaos.
I am afraid Sudan would divide into at least three or four countries.
It is all stimulated from the inside because of our natural resources, the conflict between the United States and China.
do you make of the sudden friendship between two old enemies
- president of Chad Idriss Deby and leader of Sudan Omar al
Bashir? Does this turn of events have the notorious referendum in the
is only a part of sweeping dust under the rug and creating adequate
conditions for the referendum. The Americans exerted pressure on
Khartoum as well as on N'Jamena. And so it happened - the
as far as we, the resistance, are concerned - the agreement
between the two presidents did not have much influence. We have been
fighting against the government in Khartoum since 2002 and will
continue to do so. Until now the government of Chad has been on our
side due to its interests. We were able to move freely across the
country, there are hundred thousands of refugees of Darfur in Chad, and
the authorities actually helped us. At the moment we cannot move
freely, officially we are not welcome, however, there are still roads
that lead to Sudan. These are ethnic connections. They are especially
strong among the Zagawa ethnic group members on both sides of the
border. For us the border never really existed.
Chadian side is currently quite stable - which is definitely not
the case on the Sudanese side of Darfur where we withdrew to. There are
conflicts on an everyday basis. Governmental airplanes attack water
resources and kill civilians. Unpunished.
Darfur there are around 20,000 members of the United Nations and the
African Union mission, however, they do not do anything for the people
of Darfur. The International Community is throwing money out the
window. A single small camera has done more good than all the peace
makers together because the murderers and the violators are in fear of
being caught on camera (Jammous shows one of the cameras brought to
Darfur in the winter by Tomo Križnar and Klemen Mihelič, entrepreneur
and founder of a new non-governmental organization Hope). Thank you, Tomo and Klemen. Thank you, Slovenia.